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14 to 18 years

Most Common Diseases & Conditions:

Tooth delay (dental caries)

Bleeding gums (gingivitis)

Tooth wear (erosion, attrition)

Major Risk Factors Which Contribute to Problems:

  • Diet – sugar containing food and drinks
  • Poor oral hygiene
  • Little or no fluoride around teeth
  • Starting to use tobacco and/or alcohol

Everyone in this Age Group Should Aim for:

  • Eat a healthy diet
  • Practice good oral hygiene
  • Use fluoride toothpaste
  • Spit out after brushing but don’t rinse
  • Avoid/quit tobacco and/or alcohol
  • Regular dental care

PHE Delivering Better Oral Health 2021

* We are working on this page. Please call back or if you have a query contact us [email protected]

  • Inside the mouth – Permanent teeth. Missing teeth, extra teeth. Shape and colour of teeth. Wisdom Teeth. Cavities, gum inflammation, ulcers and tooth wear – acid erosion and attrition (grinding teeth).
  • Lifestyle, Health and Wellbeing  – General health. Medicines. Special needs. Hormones. Stress, mental health and wellbeing. Drugs, alcohol, smoking and vaping. Sports, social and screen time.
  • Oral Hygiene – Toothbrushing. What to use and when. Cleaning between teeth – what to use and when. Other aids for maintaining oral health. Cleaning orthodontic appliances, retainers and other dental appliances – what to use, when and how to use them. Oral hygiene for fresh breath.
  • Diet and Nutrition  – Eating well for young adults. Mealtimes. Snacks. Drinks including energy and power drinks. Eating/drinking before bed.
  • Professional dental care – General dental care. Professional mechanical plaque removal (dental hygiene therapy). Specialist care e.g. Orthodontics

By the age of 14 nearly all the permanent teeth have arrived in the mouth. All baby teeth are replaced with incisors, canines and premolar teeth alongside the permanent molars. Wisdom teeth (third molar) may erupt (if present!) into the mouth anytime from 17-25 years.

Inside the mouth – Permanent dentition. Crocked and Crowded teeth. Wisdom Teeth. Ulcers. Tooth decay. Gum Health. Acid erosion. Sensitivity. Trauma.

Lifestyle, Health and Wellbeing  – General and oral health. Medicines & Supplements. Drugs, Alcohol & Smoking. Mental health. Sports/Fitness.

Oral Hygiene – Toothbrushing, Interdental cleaning & other oral care products, Retainer and other dental appliance care.

Diet and Nutrition  – Heathy Eating for life, Mealtimes, Snacks and Drinks

Professional dental care – General dental care, Professional mechanical plaque removal (Dental hygiene therapy), Specialist care e.g. Orthodontics

Lifestyle, Health and Wellbeing

  • General & Oral Health
  • HPV and mouth cancer
  • Gum health
  • Tooth Decay
  • Tooth wear  – Acid erosion & Tooth Grinding
  • Medicines and supplements
  • Drugs, Tobacco & Alcohol
  • Trauma – Prevention and Repair/Replacement
  • Mental Health

Oral Hygiene –

  • Toothbrushing, Interdental cleaning & other oral care products
  • Retainer and other dental appliance care

Dental Visits

  • General Dental Care – Monitoring & Maintenance.
  • Access, Frequency and Cost
  • Professional Mechanical Plaque Removal  – Dental Hygiene Visits
  • Cosmetic Dentistry – Tooth Bleaching, Orthodontics etc
Living Life To The Full

Worried about going to the dentist? We recommend visiting LLTTF which has advise and tips to make visiting the dentist a better experience.

Post puberty

Peer pressure, relationships

Sexual awareness HPV

tooth development
Ortho fixed
Oral hygiene
Dental visits
Life changes, school

Leaving, moving from home
Hobbies – screen time
Independence – disposable income
Established diet and personal care habits
Mental health


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