Did you know that Mouth Cancer kills one person EVERY THREE HOURS in the UK because of late detection? If in doubt, get checked out!
NEW! March 2021 Head and Neck Cancer patient handbook from the Mouth Cancer Foundation can be found here.
Mouth cancer and throat cancer (oral and oropharyngeal), describes the location of head and neck cancer, and is the sixth most common cancer reported worldwide, with one of the highest death rates amongst all cancers.
Mouth cancers include a variety of different types of tumours that can affect the lips, salivary glands, tongue, gums, palate and inside of cheeks as well as beyond, at the back of the tongue, soft palate, tonsils and the throat, pharynx, larynx and oesophagus. More information can be found here.
Head and Neck Cancer Statistics
Mouth and throat cancer can grow and spread very quickly. If you think you may have any signs or symptoms, see your dentist or doctor as soon as possible.
Signs and Symptoms
The list of symptoms below can be found on the Mouth Cancer Foundation website.
Things to look out for:
- Ulcers that do not heal within 3 weeks
- Pain or discomfort in the mouth
- Lumps and swellings of no obvious cause in the mouth or neck
- Bleeding from the mouth or throat
- Red or white patches inside the mouth
- Changes in texture- hardness, roughness
- Teeth that become loose
- Difficulty or pain when swallowing, chewing or moving the jaw
- Persistent hoarseness or changes to the voice
- Persistent coughing or the feeling that something is ‘stuck’ in the throat
- Numbness or tingling of the lips or tongue
- Unexplained weight loss
- Dentures that suddenly stop fitting properly
Your dentist will screen for oral cancers as part of your regular oral health assessment (check up). ALL clinical dental team members will check and monitor your oral health, including the soft tissues of your mouth at routine appointments.
Who is at risk?
The most common causes of mouth cancer in the UK are tobacco use and alcohol.
Mouth Cancer is more common in men than women, however, the number of women being diagnosed in the UK is increasing. The majority, but not all, of those diagnosed with mouth cancer are over the age of 40 and are also smokers. It is important to note, however, that approximately 25% of mouth cancer cases have NO IDENTIFIABLE RISK FACTORS.
How do I reduce the risk of developing mouth cancer?
- Do not smoke or use smokeless tobacco (e.g. paan, chewing tobacco, gutkha). For tips on how to stop smoking click here.
- Reduce alcohol consumption. Click here for tips on how to reduce alcohol consumption or here to find out how to recognise if you are drinking too much alcohol.
- Increase intake of non-starchy fruit and vegetables
- Check your mouth, once a month – every month! Click here for the Bite Back at Mouth Cancer, do it yourself mouth cancer check that could save your life.
A range of information to download including patient and carer leaflets written by our good friend and colleague Jocelyn Harding can be found here and on the Brushupuk website. Listen to Jocelyn talking to oral health coach LeighGS about mouth care for cancer patients here and here.
The NHS website is always a good source of evidence-based information. Their information can be found here. Head and neck cancers and many other conditions can impact your ability to swallow. This can impact your health further if you are not getting enough nutrients. Dieticians and speech and language therapists can help. You may find this recipe book helpful.
Food and Cancer. A NO-NONSENSE, EVIDENCE-BASED GUIDE can be downloaded free from here. Trekstock, young adult cancer support has produced a guide to everything you might be asking about how what you put into your body affects it during cancer treatment and beyond.